The 4th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought in the Stonewall Brigade, mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.
The 4th Virginia was assembled at Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1861. Its companies were from the counties of Wythe, Montgomery, Pulaski, Smyth, Grayson, and Rockbridge. It became part of the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T.J. Jackson, R.B. Garnett, Winder, Paxton, J.A. Walker, and W. Terry.
The regiment fought at First Manassas, First Kernstown, and in Jackson's Valley Campaign. It then participated in many conflicts of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, was with Early in the Shenandoah Valley, and saw action around Appomattox. The regiment surrendered with 7 officers and 38 men of which only 17 were armed.
At the First Battle of Bull Run, Jackson reportedly ordered the 4th Virginia, "Reserve your fire until they come within 50 yards! Then fire and give them the bayonet! And when you charge, yell like furies!" This is possibly the first use of the Rebel Yell.
(company letter, nickname, where members were from, and first captain)
Company A - Wythe Grays, Wythewille, VA, William Terry
Company B - Fort Lewis Volunteers, Big Spring area, VA, David Edmondson
Company C - Pulaski Guards, Pulaski Co., VA, James Walker
Company D - Smythe Blues, Marion, VA, Albert G. Pendleton
Company E - Montgomery Highlanders, Blacksburg, VA, Charles A. Ronald
Company F - Grayson Daredevils, Elk Creek community, VA, Peyton H. Hale
Company G - Montgomery Fencibles, Montgomery Co., VA, Robert G. Terry
Company H - Rockbridge Grays, Buffalo Forge & Lexington, VA, James G. Updike
Company I - Liberty Hall Volunteers, Lexington, VA, James J. White
Company K - Montgomery Mountain Boys, Montgomery Co., Robert G. Newlee